Oral herpes is a widespread disease that affects the mouth of a person. In most cases, the disease does not cause any serious complications and sufferings for the patient. This type of herpes virus is present in most people in a latent form. When the immune system weakens, the virus starts to develop. Most common symptoms of herpes are bubble rashes or sores on the lips, that appear when the immune system decreases for some reason. Thus, the appearance of herpes can signal an infection in the body.
The manifestations of herpes do not concern the lips only.
The herpes virus often affects the area around the mouth, tongue, glands and throat, chin, and wings of the nose.
The main cause of any herpes is, as stated above, a decrease in immunity. Herpes can be triggered even by a simple cold. Due to the hormonal changes in the body that cause lower immunity, herpes is quite often seen in pregnant women. Other herpes-causing factors are stress, menstruation, some chronic diseases, surgical intervention and even insomnia.
Nonetheless, oral herpes is most common among children 2 to 3 years old, rather than among adults. In the first year of life a baby still has antibodies received from the mother, but later the immunity system drops before strengthening again. This is when the baby gets exposed to the virus the most.
Exacerbated herpes may lead to emotional disturbances, pain and irritation of the infected areas, rise in body temperature, lack of sleep.
Oral herpes can have an acute and chronic forms. Acute herpes is normally caused by the virus of herpes simplex. It can be transmitted through airborne droplets, blood, or from mother to baby. As any other acute infection, herpes symptoms appear suddenly and sharply. The disease should be treated immediately to prevent its aggravation and transfer into the chronic form.
The virus of chronic herpes always stays in the body. It is characterized by the relapse of the symptoms in the periods when the immune system goes down. Medical treatment for chronic herpes relieves the symptoms of the disease and reduces frequency of the relapses.