Infertility in men

What causes infertility in men?

If a couple is planning a baby, but the woman doesn’t get pregnant after a number of attempts, the problem not always lies in the female body. Although, male infertility is spread less than female, in some cases, it is the main hindrance to start a family. If the couple leads an active unprotected sexual life, but pregnancy doesn’t occur within a year, there might be a problem with the reproductive systems of the partners. In 45% cases the problem is hidden in the male body.

If this condition appears, both partners have to undergo a proper medical examination. Male infertility is diagnosed by analyzing the sperm. It is interesting, that man’s sexual activity doesn’t really play a big role in this question. The main factor is the quality and quantity of the sperm. Thousands of spermatozoa are produced in the male body every day. This process runs constantly, once the man reaches maturity, and continues up to the very death. Unfortunately, there is a large number of factors that can deteriorate the sperm production and reduce spermatozoa quality.

As a matter of fact, three basic problems lead to infertility in men:
defected spermatozoa (they do not work properly);
low number of spermatozoa;
interrupted sperm mobility, problems with ejaculation.

More than a dozen factors can lead to these conditions. The most common of them are following:

In 10-12% cases, male infertility is caused by injuries and defects in the man’s genitals.
Infectious diseases (10% cases). The most dangerous are gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, trichomoniasis.

Inflammation of male genitals and organs of the urinary tract (for example, prostatitis).
Sexual disorders: erectile dysfunction, failure of ejaculation, etc.

Immune system disorders: in case of immunity failure, the body, may start production of specific substances, that damage spermatozoa.

Hormonal disorders (testosterone deficiency).

Male infertility can be caused by a number of external causes: psychoactive substances (alcohol, tobacco, drugs, some medicines), poor ecology (radiation, pesticides, vitamin deficiency) and even improper body care (tight clothes, frequent sauna visits, excessive physical activity), etc.