Menopause (menopause) – a natural biological process, during which hormone levels in the blood vary. At the age of 40 after years of gradually declining production of the corpus luteum hormone – progesterone. Later, at about 45 years, begins in the ovaries decrease in estrogen production. Menses become irregular and then stop. Menopause – the last menstrual period in a woman’s life.
The menstrual cycle of women – this is a well thought out system that not only provides the opportunity of new life, but also maintains the normal functionality of many other organs and systems. That’s why at the onset of menopause there is a lot of health problems. Menopause – this time in every woman’s life is individual, and takes place in different ways.
3 phases of menopause:
- Premenopausal women – reduces the activity of the ovaries
- Perimenopause – hormonal changes the body
- Postmenopause – the cessation of hormonal activity of the ovaries
Symptoms premenopausal. During the onset of hormonal changes in women notice irregular menstruation and increased pain in the critical days, decreased libido, vaginal dryness, a sharp weight gain, hot flashes, “Heat”, perspiration on the face and the body, sweating, emotional instability, insomnia, headache, numbness in fingers, pain in muscles and joints, dry mouth, heart palpitations, fatigue, apathy, irritability, and the appearance of wrinkles on the face. Malaise associated with the failure of female sex hormones, which affect not only the genital function, but also in many other processes in the body.
Previously it was thought that the so-called estrogen receptors – the female sex hormones – are only in the ovaries and uterus. It turns out they are all over the woman’s body. At puberty the ovaries shut down and stop producing estrogen, and the problems begin. “Sits” voice, wrinkles, no tears, disappearing waistline, deteriorating memory, lost interest in sex. In addition, estrogens protect nerve cells – neurons – from death, reduced the relationship between them and normalize glucose metabolism in the brain. Thus, estrogen positive effect on intellectual and mnemonic brain functions – memory, concentration, ability to acquire new knowledge.
If the woman is healthy, she has a strong adaptive system, the hormonal changes may take several months and quite painless. However, for many this period is delayed and accompanied by unpleasant painful symptoms.
What organs and systems are affected during the pre-menopausal?
- – There are changes in the endocrine system – impaired thyroid activity increases the risk of disease mastopathy, myoma of the uterus;
- – Increases the likelihood of developing osteoporosis (bone loss);
- – Deteriorating appearance: wrinkles disappear waist, increases the amount of subcutaneous fat;
- – But the brunt of experiencing nervous system: insomnia, anxiety, depression, memory impairment.
Can I use hormone replacement therapy? Hormone replacement therapy with synthetic drugs is possible, if you are completely healthy and there are no contraindications, that is, you do not have hormonal disorders, were never put such diagnoses as breast disease, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, cysts, your cardiovascular system works like a clock you do not suffer from high blood pressure, tachycardia, coronary heart disease, you do not smoke.
How are synthetic hormones? Synthetic hormones inhibit the activity of the endocrine system and begin to act as your own hormones, and the ovaries stop producing its own hormones. In fact, these drugs “deceive” the body – it gets the amount of hormones, which in this period it is not enough and enough of these hormones to the body is not resented for some time. Only after the cancellation of hormones the body needs to work on their own again, but his is not strong enough and you experience discomfort of menopause again. Also, assigning synthetic hormones doctor should warn you that taking them increases the risk of endometriosis, uterine fibroids and mastitis.