Skin diseases

Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue.

Our skin is our biggest organ, that is constantly exposed to numerous external factors and infections. Some of them are described below.

Anhidrosis

It is a skin disease that is characterized by low sweat secretion or its complete absence. Basically, anhidrosis is a pathology that develops against other skin diseases. In most cases, predisposition for this illness can be passed on genetically.

Symptoms

The patient constantly has dry skin, that develops into chapped lips, hands and face, cracks and crusts, dermatitis.

Treatment

Treatment therapy includes vitamin therapy (especially vitamins A and E). For topical use, certain solutions and lotions are prescribed.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic non-infectious skin disease characterized by the appearance of psoriatic plaques. It is a fairly common condition that is seen in people regardless of their sex and age.
The cause of psoriasis is still unknown. Potential factors that lead to this skin disease are:
Genetic;
Immunological;
Ecological;
Psychological.
Psoriasis is not contagious and is not transmitted through touching, airborne, sex, or any other ways.

Symptoms

Primary disease symptoms are flat inflammatory plaques. These are red or pink bumps that have pronounced boundaries. Their surface is covered with dry, loosely located, silver-white scales that easily fall off when touching. The plaques often cause itching in the affected area (normally, scalp, knees or elbows).

Treatment

Treatment for psoriasis includes:

  • Administration of hormonal medicines;
  • Use of non-hormonal medicines with regenerating, keratolytic, moisturizing components;
  • Vitamin therapy;
  • Physiotherapeutic procedures;
  • Diet modifications to normalize metabolism;
  • Psychological help.
  • Phlegmon

It is an acute purulent inflammation of fatty tissue. Usually, it affects a small area of the skin, that starts to noticeably swell. The process is accompanied with redness and pain when touching. Over time, the reddening area increases, the patient may get fever, chills, sweating, and lymph nodes swelling in the infected area. As a rule, the condition develops in wounds and injuries.

Symptoms

Symptoms of phlegmon coincide with manifestations of any other inflammatory process, which includes redness, burning of the skin, swelling and painful sensations. If a wound or ulcer have these signs, phlegmom might have developed.

Treatment

As a rule, the disease treatment involves surgical intervention. Antibiotic medicines can be prescribed to treat light forms of the disease, or as preventive measures.