Cystitis – an infectious disease, inflammation of the bladder, which is a causative agent of microbial infection. A special kind of microbe, E. coli enters the urinary system, which provokes inflammation. It is a common disorder that affects mostly women. It is due to the specifics of the structure of the urogenital system of the female body. The disease lies at the junction areas of gynecology and urology.
Features of cystitis:
The main feature of the disease is that there is no contamination from contact with an external source of infection, the disease is not transmitted from person to person. E. coli lives in any organism. Under the influence of external factors (hypothermia, intense sexual life, hormonal changes, bacteria) cause inflammation of the bladder.
Special cystitis specificity also give unique characteristics of the microbe that causes the disease. E. coli has high activity and resistance. Once in the bladder, using special microbes appendages fixed to its walls, so not washed urine. E. coli has a number of features that make it resistant to a variety of antibiotics.
Symptoms of the disease:
The disease has manifested acute, specific symptoms. This makes an accurate diagnosis is not too difficult (for experienced professional – exactly) task. The disease usually has the character of a strong, sudden attack.
Here are the main symptoms:
- Frequent urination in small portions, accompanied by sharp pain and burning
- The feeling of a full bladder
- Urinary incontinence in the background of frequent and strong urge to urinate
- Turbid urine
- Purulent or bloody discharge from the urethra
- In some cases – raising the temperature to 37.5 degrees, chills
Diagnosis of cystitis:
As indicated above, the diagnosis of the disease is not difficult. However, in order to get the full clinical picture, the doctor may prescribe additional tests. It may consist of the following components:
Analysis of urine. Is assigned to identify the inflammatory process, and also to determine the load on the kidneys.
Cystoscopy. Performed by introducing into the urethra of a special tool and subsequent examination of the bladder. Assigned to rule out the presence of stones or tumors in the bladder.
Cystography. Assigned to the same purpose as the cystoscopy, but the study is performed using X-ray.
How is it treated?
Mandatory consultation urologist specialist self unacceptable. Despite the fact that cystitis – a common disease, it carries a lot of risks to health, right to disability. Delaying disease and untimely appeal to the specialist can lead to the need for surgical intervention.
Assign a medication regimen can only physician. Herbal medicine and treatment of traditional methods are not the desired effect. Doctor appointed special anti-microbial agents that help to cure the disease in a short time.
Prevention of disease:
Compliance with some simple rules will help to avoid the development of cystitis and its recurrence:
- Constant personal hygiene
- Timely and regular emptying of the bladder
- Use of a sufficient amount of liquid. A useful means of prevention are cranberry and cranberry juice
- Exclusion of hypothermia
- Selection of clothes for the season, not cramped and not slimming. Choosing cotton underwear